Lower School

1st Grade Curriculum
Math:

  • numbers to 100
  • understand the concepts of same, more, and fewer
  • use concrete models to explore and identify money and subtract money
  • analyze and solve problems using skills and strategies
  • develop and use strategies for addition and subtraction up to 18
  • understand counting on, counting back and using doubles
  • work with fact families and add and subtract two-digit numbers

Spelling:

  • recognize letters and consonant sounds that are used to form words
  • identify, read and spell high frequency words used by students at the first grade level
  • develop strategies for spelling success and connect spelling to writing

Language Arts:

  • recognize word order in sentences and identify declarative and interrogative sentence types
  • identify and recognize subject, predicate, complete subject and complete predicate sentence parts
  • understand and define the meaning of nouns, verbs and adjectives
  • identify present and past verb tenses
  • demonstrate an understanding of language arts mechanics, capitalization and punctuation.

Reading:

  • Students learn to read.
  • use phonics to know the letter shapes, names and sounds and learn to blend sounds to make words
  • understand that words can be put together to form sentences, paragraphs and stories
  • read and learn the meanings of unfamiliar words
  • use phonetic cues to decode meanings
  • demonstrate an understanding of sequence; all stories have a beginning, middle, and end
  • understand the differences between “make-believe” stories and “real-life” stories
  • read a variety of literary forms to include fiction and nonfiction
  • read for sustained periods of time and select books for personal reading interests

Religion:

  • understand that the Church is God’s House, demonstrate reverence for the Church’s sacred place
  • understand that we are the church, God’s family, the people of God, the Body of Christ
  • understand that we are called to be honest and fair with all people
  • develop an understanding of: Baptism, Eucharist, Gospel, Grace, Resurrection, Sin, Altar, Crucifix, Forgiveness, Advent, Christian, Catholic, Creation, and Kingdom of God

Social Studies:

  • that every person and family is unique and special
  • that every family has rules
  • that families work together, cooperate and share
  • realize that families live both in the United States and other lands
  • recognize that all people have basic needs for food, clothing, shelter and affection
  • distinguish between needs and wants
  • realize that people earn money to pay for their needs and wants
  • realize that every neighborhood is different
  • describe the major types of land forms and bodies of water found in the United States
  • define resources as materials form the earth that people use to meet their needs
  • identify the planet where we live as Earth
  • identify the four cardinal directions as North, South, East, and West

Science:

  • know about plants and what makes them alike, different, shapes, groups, leaves, and how to determine the age of a tree
  • know the life cycle of a plant
  • identify and explain the concept of “growing up”, understand that people change as they grow
  • recognize the components that form weather
  • identify and describe the water cycle